Subcutaneous injections are a common method of administering medication that involves injecting a small amount of a drug or vaccine under the skin. These injections are typically given in the fatty tissue just beneath the skin, which is known as the subcutaneous layer. Today, we at Skin & Body Refinery would like to the basics of subcutaneous injections to help you better understand them.
What are Subcutaneous Injections Used For?
The subcutaneous layer is found just below the dermis, which is the topmost layer of the skin. This layer contains blood vessels and nerves that supply the skin and underlying tissues with nutrients and oxygen. It also contains a network of small blood vessels that can quickly transport medication to other parts of the body. Subcutaneous injections are used for a variety of reasons, including administering vaccines, insulin, and other medications. They are often preferred over intramuscular injections because they are less painful and easier to administer. They are also less likely to cause complications such as nerve damage or infection.
What are the Steps in Administering a Subcutaneous Injection?
When giving a subcutaneous injection, it is important to choose an appropriate site for injection. The most common sites for subcutaneous injections are the upper arm, the abdomen, and the thigh. The chosen site should be clean and dry, and the skin should be free of any lumps, bumps, or bruises. Before administering the injection, the healthcare provider should clean the injection site with an alcohol swab or other antiseptic solution. They should also gather all necessary supplies, including medication, syringe, and needle. When injecting medication, the needle should be inserted at a 90-degree angle into the subcutaneous tissue. The needle should be inserted quickly and smoothly, and the plunger should be depressed slowly to inject the medication. After the injection is complete, the needle should be removed quickly and safely. The healthcare provider should then apply gentle pressure to the injection site with a clean cotton ball or gauze pad to minimize bleeding and swelling. Patients who receive subcutaneous injections may experience some mild discomfort or swelling at the injection site. This is normal and should resolve within a few days. If the patient experiences severe pain, swelling, or other symptoms, they should contact their healthcare provider immediately.
What are Contraindications to Subcutaneous Injection?
It is important to note that not all medications can be administered via subcutaneous injection. Some medications may be too insufficient or may require a faster onset of action, which may necessitate a different method of administration. Additionally, patients with bleeding disorders or other medical conditions that affect the skin or subcutaneous tissue may not be good candidates for subcutaneous injections.
Patients who receive regular subcutaneous injections may benefit from rotating injection sites to prevent tissue damage and minimize discomfort. Healthcare providers should also be trained on proper injection techniques and safety protocols to minimize the risk of complications.
Subcutaneous Injections & More in Waco, TX (Just Minutes Away from Axtell, West, Lorena, Bellmead, Woodway, Hewitt, Robinson & Crawford, Texas)
Subcutaneous injections are a valuable tool in modern medicine and play an important role in the treatment and prevention of a wide range of medical conditions. By following proper injection techniques and safety guidelines, healthcare providers can ensure that patients receive the medication they need in a safe and effective manner. If you are interested in subcutaneous injections in Waco, Texas and surrounding areas, contact Skin & Body Refinery and let us help you reach your goals.