For those who have lost weight or even have had a baby, you know that stretch marks can often permanently mar the body. Stretch marks can vary from pale to reddish or bright pink scars that may fade over a long period of time. Stretch marks can be developed all along the body, but are most common around the belly, thighs and arms. For those who have stretch marks, Skin And Body Refinery will share how stretch marks form and how they can be treated.
What Causes Stretch Marks on Thighs, Buttocks & More?
There are three primary layers of skin: the outer lay is called the epidermis, the middle is dermis, and the inner layer is call the hypodermis. When all three layers expanded past the elastic boundaries, you get stretch marks. Stretch marks are the result of tissue tearing. Stretch marks occur during sudden growth spurts, sudden weight gain, and during pregnancy. Stretch marks can also form when the body has high levels of circulating cortisone which comes from the stress hormone cortisol, which is produced by the adrenal glands. Cortisone weakens the elasticity of the skin.
How to Remove Stretch Marks
There are a number of ways to treat stretch marks. Treatments can vary depending on the properties of the skin. Here are some of the common ways stretch marks are treated.
Topical Creams: A topical cream such as Tretinoin cream restores the skin’s collagen, a natural protein in the dermis layer. This topical cream helps to restore skin elasticity. Topicals are best on more recent red or pink colored stretch marks. Topicals should not be used if you are pregnant as it can cause minor skin irritation.
Microdermabrasion: Microdermabrasion is a treatment that uses tiny crystals that scrubs over the surface of the skin. The crystals help to remove the top layer of the skin that has stretch mark scarring. Microdermabrasion will not remove the stretch marks completely but will help reduce their appearance.
Chemical Peels: A Chemical peel is mostly used for facials. However, they are also used to remove stretch marks. A chemical peel helps to remove the dead skin or damaged cells and encourages healthier skin growth. Like Microdermabrasion, a chemical peel will not remove the stretch mark completely but will reduce their appearance.
Heat Treatments: Heat treatments are when a radio energy wave is combined with ultrasound to create heat on the dermis layer. Heat treatments help to trigger collagen production and the healing of the scar damage. Heat treatments can be used alongside Microdermabrasion or chemical peel. Together they can remove much of the stretch marks.
Laser Therapy: There are many different types of laser therapies that can be used to remove stretch marks such as:
• Pulsed dye laser therapy is used to remove red stretch mark by triggering the collagen production.
• Fractional photothermolysis is similar to pulse dye laser therapy as it helps to trigger the collagen production, just on a much smaller scale which helps to reduce the amount of skin exposed.
• Fractional COS laser therapy removes the columns of tissue and smooths out the skin. This laser treatment is used on white-colored stretched marks.
• Excimer laser therapy uses a targeted ultraviolet B or UVB light which helps to trigger the production of collagen and elastin.
Carboxytherapy: Over the course of several treatments, carboxytherapy can help get rid of completely eliminate cellulite, stretch marks and scars.